Aurora BayCare Urological Surgeons offers procedures for eliminating kidney stones.
Treatment for kidney stones may include surgery to remove a stone, the use of shock waves to break a stone into small pieces, or the use of a cystoscope or ureteroscope to find stones and break them up or remove them.
Kidney stones are common. Men are more likely to get them than women. People with a family history of kidney stones, people who have had kidney stones before and people who don’t drink enough liquids also are more likely to get them.
Kidney stones are solid material, usually resembling a pebble, that form in one or both kidneys. They vary in size and shape. Size can range from that of a grain of sand to a pea to a golf ball, though the latter is rare. They can be smooth or jagged. They usually are yellow or brown.
Kidney stones occur when high levels of certain minerals are present in urine. Though potentially painful, they rarely cause permanent damage when treated.
Symptoms may include blood in the urine, urine that smells bad or looks cloudy, a burning feeling while urinating, a blocked urine flow or sharp pain in the back, side, lower abdomen or groin. These symptoms are caused when a kidney stone gets stuck in the urinary tract. Sometimes there are no symptoms. This occurs when a small stone passes easily through the urinary tract.
Treatment depends on the size, location and type of kidney stone.
Calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate stones are most common, caused when excess calcium not used by the bones and muscles isn’t flushed out with urine. Uric acid stones are caused when there’s too much uric acid in urine. Struvite stones may form after a urinary tract infection. Cystine stones are caused by cystinuria, or high levels of the amino acid cysteine in urine.
Treatment also may include medication, drinking more water or changing your diet to reduce sodium, animal protein, calcium and oxalate intake.
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