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Knee Surgery

Knee Surgery

The orthopedic surgeons at Orthopedics & Sports Medicine BayCare Clinic provide comprehensive, innovative services to treat injured knees and restore optimal knee function.

Knee pain can be caused by a variety of conditions such as damaged cartilage, torn ligaments, injured muscles, alignment issues and osteoarthritis. Our goal is to create individualized care plans to reduce pain, improve mobility, reduce the likelihood of further injury and return people to their normal activities as quickly and safely as possible.

 

We offer a wide range of procedures to treat injured knees. They include:

 

Cartilage procedures

Cartilage is the smooth, white coating on the ends of our bones that allows smooth movement of our joints.  When cartilage is damaged, it can result in pain, catching, locking, and swelling. A chondroplasty, or cartilage reshaping, is a minimally invasive, or arthroscopic, technique where tools are used to smooth out the damaged cartilage.  

 

In certain situations, a more invasive procedure is done where a healthy cartilage plug from a different part of your knee or a donor is used to fill the defective area in the damaged area of the knee. In specific situations, other less common cartilage procedures are used and your surgeon will determine if you are a candidate.

 

Learn more about cartilage procedures.

 

Meniscus procedures

A meniscus procedure addresses the torn c-shaped cartilage pad in the knee. Some small tears can be treated with nonsurgical methods, including physical therapy. If surgery is required, the tear is either removed or repaired during an outpatient procedure performed using minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques. A meniscus transplant may be a treatment option for the most severe tears, but your surgeon will determine if you are a candidate.

 

Learn more about meniscus injuries

 

Ligament reconstruction

The ligaments of the knee help to provide stability to the joint especially with cutting and twisting type activities. Injury to one or many of the knee ligaments can be the result of a high-energy sport movement pattern with or without contact from another person or a low-energy movement pattern that occurs with unfortunate timing. There are four main ligaments that provide stability to the knee joint plus one additional ligament that provides stability to the patella, or kneecap. 

Anatomy of the knee

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)

Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)

Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)

Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL)

 

Learn more about your options for ligament reconstruction.

 

Knee realignment

Damage to the knee joint can be caused by poor alignment of the leg. Knee realignment procedures can help restore the joint to normal alignment. Realigning the knee can prevent further stress in the knee and more cartilage damage. Realigning the knee also can either eliminate the need for total knee replacement or delay the need for total knee replacement. 

 

Knee replacement or knee resurfacing, and total knee replacement

Learn more about your options for partial knee replacement or knee resurfacing, and total knee replacement.

 

Resources

OrthoInfo from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

 

Videos

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View playlist on YouTube 

 

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BayCare Clinic, baycare.net, is the largest physician-owned specialty-care clinic in northeastern Wisconsin and Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. It is based in Green Bay, Wisconsin. BayCare Clinic offers expertise in more than 20 specialties, with more than 100 physicians serving in 16 area communities. BayCare Clinic is a joint partner in Aurora BayCare Medical Center, a 167-bed, full-service hospital. Follow BayCare Clinic on Facebook and Twitter.