Identifying brain tumors
BayCare Clinic Neurological Surgeons offers treatment for brain tumors.
A brain tumor is a growth of abnormal cells in brain tissue.
A brain tumor that is benign has no cancer cells. Benign brain tumors rarely spread into other tissues, but may come back.
A brain tumor that is malignant has cancer cells that grow quickly. Malignant brain tumors are likely to grow quickly and to spread into other brain tissue.
Primary brain tumors begin in the brain. Metastatic brain tumors begin elsewhere in the body and move to the brain. Both kinds of brain tumors require treatment.
Brain tumors can occur in adults and children. However, the types of brain tumors and treatment for them are different for adults and children.
Symptoms of brain tumors include, but are not limited to:
- Headaches, most often in the morning
- Nausea and vomiting
- Changes in the ability to talk, hear and see
- Problems with balance or walking
- Problems with thinking or memory
- Feeling weak or sleepy
- Changes in mood or behavior
Brain tumors are diagnosed by doing a neurological examination. Tests may include an MRI, a CT scan and a biopsy.
Treatment options for brain tumors may include watchful waiting, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy. In targeted therapy, substances attack cancer cells without harming normal cells.
Many patients get a combination of treatments.