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Our Eye Specialists' Retina Services specialize in medical and surgical treatment of macular, retinal, and vitreous disorders.


The retina is the inner part of the eye that detects light and passes impulses to your optic nerve. The area in front of the retina (and behind the lens) is filled with a clear gel called the vitreous. The vitreous helps your eye maintain its shape, acts as a shock absorber, and transmits light to the retina.


Conditions of Retina and Vitreous 

Common retina and vitreous conditions include:


  • Macular Degeneration (see below)
  • Eye Floaters (see below)
  • Retina Tears and Holes (see below)
  • Macular Holes are small breaks in the macula, the center part of retina responsible for sharp, central vision. In most cases, surgery is necessary to repair the hole.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar causes damage to blood vessels in the retina. Laser treatments can stabilize retinopathy complications and are most successful when problems are detected early.
  • Posterior Vitreous Detachment is a normal part of the aging process and does usually not require treatment. In some cases it can lead to a retinal tear or detachment, so have this monitored by an eye care professional.

Retina Tears & Detached Retina

Sometimes the vitreous membrane pulls on the retina and creates a tear. If vitreous fluid seeps inside or beneath the retina, it can become detached. Nearsighted people are more prone to retinal detachment because their eyes are longer and the retina is stretched thinner.


Retina tears and detached retina may be repaired using several different procedures: sealed with an argon laser, frozen using cryotherapy, secured with a tiny belt called a scleral buckle, or through a vitrectomy surgery (removal of the vitreous). A retina tear should be repaired as soon as possible to avoid permanent loss of vision.


Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a common eye condition among older adults. It destroys the macula, the part of the eye that provides sharp, central vision.


"Dry macular degeneration" progresses slowly, while "wet macular degeneration" leads to a more rapid loss of vision. Wet macular degeneration can be treated, and we offer a variety of therapies, customized for each individual patient:

  • Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
  • Injections/medications such as Avastin, Lucentis, Eylea

While macular degeneration can make it difficult to read, drive, or recognize faces, it does not cause complete blindness. Research shows that smoking doubles the risk of macular degeneration. It is also more common in Caucasians and people with a family history of the disease.


Eye Floaters

Eye floaters are spots in your vision, often appearing as specks or strings that seem to drift across your eye. As we get older, the vitreous (jelly-like substance) inside our eyes becomes more liquid. When that happens, the cells and tissue in that liquid start clumping together, creating tiny shadows on your retina. 


Contact an Eye Specialist if you have a sudden increase in eye floaters, particularly if they're combined with flashes of light and/or loss of peripheral vision.


Related Information

Age Related Macular Degeneration


Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

Central Serous Retinopathy

Choroidal Neovascular Membranes

Diabetic Retinopathy


Floaters and Flashes

Low Vision

Low Vision Resources Michigan

Low Vision Resources Wisconsin

Macular Edema

Macular Hole

Macular Pucker

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Torn or Detached Retina


Diabetic Retinopathy



To schedule an appointment, call 920-327-7000 or request an appointment online

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BayCare Clinic,, is the largest physician-owned specialty-care clinic in northeastern Wisconsin and Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. It is based in Green Bay, Wisconsin. BayCare Clinic offers expertise in more than 20 specialties, with more than 100 physicians serving in 16 area communities. BayCare Clinic is a joint partner in Aurora BayCare Medical Center, a 167-bed, full-service hospital. Follow BayCare Clinic on Facebook and Twitter.